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Basic First Aid

Many accidents occur every year. With some care, they can be prevented. In case an accident does happen, you can be of help if you know First Aid. Read each of the following carefully you will be able to give vital first aid, if needed. Please remember to seek assistance from an adult immediately.

Do not move the injured person unnecessarily. Keep him warm. Make a diagnosis, decide on the treatment and then treat the person. Please remember the ABC of First Aid see if his Airways are clear, that he is Breathing, and his blood Circulation is satisfactory.

  • Respiration
  • Bleeding
  • Fractures
  • Burns and Scalds
  • Nose Bleeding
  • Bee Sting
  • Animal Bites
  • Snake Bites
  • Fainting
  • General

If it is weak and failing, give artificial respiration - mouth to mouth or mouth to nose respiration.

  • Arrest the bleeding and protect the wound. Apply direct or indirect pressure. Cover it with a dressing, apply a pad and a firm bandage. Raise the wound area, if possible and keep it in a stable position.
  • Immobilize the area with a well padded stiff support reaching the joints on either side. Apply bandages on either side of the site and at the joints on either side of the support.
  • A burn is caused by dry heat while a scald is caused by moist heat like steam, very hot water or oil. Immediately cool the area with cold water - for 15 mins. till the pain subsides. Neither break the blisters, nor apply anything on the burns. Cover with a sterile or clean cloth, pad and bandage. Give fluids to the burn victim.
  • Make the patient sit up facing the breeze with the head bend slightly forward. Ask the patient to breathe through the mouth and NOT to blow the nose. Apply a cold compress over the nose. Use your fingers to pinch close the soft port of the nose - hold thus for about 10 minutes. Cold compress application on the back of the neck and forehead may also help.
  • Do not press the bag (of the sting). Use forceps and remove the sting. Apply cold or weak ammonia.
  • Wash with soap and plenty of water. Loose bandage may be applied. Get quick medical aid.
  • Keep the patient calm. Wash with plenty of water and soap. Do not rub hard. First apply a constrictive bandage on the heart side of the bite. (Not to be applied continuously for more than 20 mins.). Do not incise or attempt to suck the wound. Get aid quickly. Try to identify the snake.
  • Make him/her lie down and loosen the clothing around chest and waist. Turn the patients head to one side. The legs may be raised a little. Do not attempt to give any solids or liquids. If the patient recovers, a small quantity of a drink may be given and allowed to sit up and move after rest.
  • If you are in doubt about the treatment do not do anything. You may do more harm.

These are only hints. To be a good First Aid volunteer you can do the first aid course conducted regularly by the St. John Ambulance Association in all the States. Contact your state Centre for details. Also join the Ambulance Brigade in your State.